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Cells and Tissues

Here you can find all the information and products involving Cells and Tissues!

The cell is the most basic functional unit of life forms, though aspects may vary greatly, at their most basic form, they contain a cytoplasm enclosed within a membrane as well as biomolecules such as DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid), RNA (ribonucleic acid) as well as other proteins. Tissues are a biological organisation of these cells to form a complete organ that can carry out a range of functions. Without these incredibly complex building blocks, life would not exist and with an estimated 37 trillion cells in the human body, research on this topic is invaluable as we strive to have a greater understanding of these intricate components.

Table 1 - Differences between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes



Typical Organisms

Bacteria, Archaea

Protists, Fungi, Plants, Animals

Typical Size



Type of nucleus

Nucleoid region; no true nucleus

True nucleus with double membrane


Often circular

Linear molecules (chromosomes) with histone proteins


50S and 30S

60S and 40S

Cytoplasmic structure

Very few structures

Highly structured by endomembranes and a cytoskeleton

Cell Movement

Flagella made of flagellin

Flagella and cilia containing microtubules; lamellipodia and a cytoskeleton



One to several thousand



Present in algae and plants


Often single cells

Single cells, colonies, higher multicellular organisms with specialized cells

Cell division

Binary fission (simple division)

Mitosis (fission or budding)



Single chromosome

Many chromosomes

Cells can be broken into 2 groups, these are prokaryotic, containing a nucleus and eukaryotic, not containing a nucleus, this is detailed in figure 1. The most discernible difference is the presence of compartmentalisation, or more simply put, the presence of membrane bound organelles since these are only present in eukaryotic cells. Organelles are small, complex structures within the cell that carry out a range of processes that vary depending on the cell, but all eukaryotes contain a DNA nucleus that maintains all cell activity, a cell membrane that protects the cell by providing separation between the outside of the cell and the organelles within and the cell membrane, and the cytoplasm, the area within the cell membrane where organelles are located.

Eukaryotic cells covers plants, animals, fungi, protozoa, algae and slime moulds. They are generally much larger than their nucleus lacking counterparts ranging between 10-100μm whereas procaryotes typically fall between the 1-5μm range. Eukaryotes additionally contain a true (surrounded by a membrane) nucleus, containing the bulk of genome as well as carrying out RNA transcription. Please see table 1 for a general comparison of these two types of cells.

Similar to cells, there are an incredible number of tissues that both animals and plants utilise to take advantage of the surrounding environment and available energy to carry out a process. One of the most noteworthy of these functions is photosynthesis in plants, this is carried out by an organ, such as leaves, of which the palisade layer, the tissue contains a large quantity of chloroplasts which carry out the function, converting sunlight into chemical energy. This concept applies to animals, though with an extensive number of facets that come into play to extract nutrients and energy from the

An example of this is in animal epithelial tissue which not only have a range of functions including elimination of waste and lining of cell free surfaces and also multiple classifications of epithelial cell including transitional epithelium, cuboidal epithelium and columnar epithelium.

Supply of Tissues & Cells in an Ethical way

2BScientific Ltd believe that at the heart of any operation is the responsibility to act in the best interests of the community and the environment in which it serves. This is resonated in our mantra that no one does more for the customer. With that as a foundation for every aspect of our supply we aim to provide the best quality of service and products within the full compliance of our ISO 9001:2015 and ISO 14001:2015 accreditations - actively working with our premier supply chain in providing Tissues & Cells of the highest quality, produced using the utmost levels of ethical and legal standards.

We provide a complete service that caters to both industry and academia; giving our eminent client base one of the widest choices of products in the market sector without the need to jump through all the hoops of filling out lengthy forms and submissions, or the need to continually check back with couriers on updates and compliances. You do not even need to keep up with all the recent changes in requirements for imports of Cells & Tissues - we handle all of that on your behalf.


Our team of experienced, logistics professionals will:

  • Work with you to have the correct details in place.
  • Interact with the UK APHA for the correct import documentation.
  • Make sure our suppliers have the compliant procedures and documents for export from their home territory.
  • Operate through a fully insured and premier courier service that maintain the correct conditions of the shipments in any eventuality.
  • In contact with Border Control at all major hub sites to make sure all details and compliances are in place for clearance.
  • Deliver to you in the best conditions possible.


If you have questions about CITES, TRACES, IV58 or any other forms then please do not hesitate to email us on

2BScientific has a range of products, including a selection of cell linescell lysates and culture media. Be sure to utilise the filters on the left side of the site to narrow down the options. 2BScientific is passionate about ensuring that customers get the precise, required product and have a friendly and knowledgeable team ready to answer any technical queries.


2BScientific has partnered with ACRO Biosystems Progen, CellectaInnoprot, Cell BiologicsCreative BiolabsIQ BiosciencesLife Science Group,  MoBiTecOrigene, and Cusabio to provide customers with a wide range of gene editing products.

View our Organelles page

See more information on organelles and their functions.

View our Organelles page